5 Reasons Why Sugar Is Bad for Your Health – Sugar can hardly be released from food and drinks consumed daily. The sweet taste indeed adds to the enjoyment. Ice cream, soda, candy, until white rice all contain sugar.
However, did you know that sugar can cause various health problems if consumed in excess? Not only diabetes but various other diseases are directly or indirectly caused by excessive sugar consumption. The following types of diseases due to sugar that can attack you.
1. Heart disease
The first sugar-related illness is heart disease. Dr. Frank Hu, Professor of Nutrition at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, says the more sugar you consume, the higher your risk of heart disease. Even in a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, it was found that people with 17 to 21 percent of their calories from added sugar had a 38 percent higher risk of dying from heart disease.
The relationship between the amount of sugar consumption and the effect on heart disease is not directly. Consuming too much sugar can make the heart work harder. The reason is, the liver metabolizes sugar by converting carbohydrates into fat. Eventually, if you do not stop the habit of consuming excess sugar, fat will accumulate in the liver in large amounts and cause fatty liver. Fatty liver is what can increase the risk of heart disease.
In addition, consuming too much sugar can also increase blood pressure and chronic inflammation that triggers heart disease.
Obesity becomes a disease caused by sugar which can be a trigger for various chronic diseases. According to the British Dietetic Association (BDA) , foods and drinks that contain added sugars contain a lot of calories. The more you eat foods and drinks that contain sugar, the more calories you consume.
Sugar turns off one’s appetite control system. So usually once you eat and drink sweet, you can not stop and want to eat other sweet foods. Without realizing it, calories consumed can exceed normal limits. As a result, if this habit is left continuously then you may be overweight.
You are not advised to consume more than 10 percent sugar daily calorie intake, generally around 70 grams for men and 50 grams for women. Whereas in one can of carbonated drinks only the calories reach 35 gr. For that, if you want to eat sweet foods and drinks, use low-calorie sweeteners. In addition to avoiding spikes in blood sugar, this sweetener also does not contain many calories which can make you fat fast.
Hyperglycemia is a high blood sugar disease as a complication of diabetes. Typically, various factors that can cause diabetes to experience hyperglycemia are food that is not maintained, lack of movement, nondiabetic drugs that can increase blood sugar, and skip the consumption of blood-sugar-lowering drugs or insulin injections.
Hyperglycemia is a health problem that can be fatal if not treated immediately. Usually, this condition can cause complications in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and also the heart. Not only that, but hyperglycemia can also cause you to experience a coma.
For that, in addition to following the various rules of taking medication recommended by your doctor, you also need to control the type of food consumed. Try to avoid foods and drinks that contain added sugar if you already have diabetes to prevent the severity of the condition.
4. Tooth decay
You know, sugar is like a magnet for bad bacteria in the mouth. This group of bacteria produces acid in your mouth every time you eat sugar. These bad bacteria eat the sugar you eat and form plaque on your teeth.
Plaque is a soft and sticky coating on teeth that consists of 70 percent of bacteria that come from saliva. Plaque on teeth that do not disappear with saliva and do not lift when brushed makes the mouth pH decrease, making it more acidic.
Repeated acid attacks cause loss of minerals in tooth enamel. Over time, this can weaken and destroy tooth enamel which can eventually form small holes in the teeth. If left unchecked, this hole will continue to expand until it spreads to deeper layers of the tooth and can cause pain.
When a tooth starts to break down, you will experience various symptoms such as toothache, pain when chewing, and teeth that are sensitive to sweet, hot, or cold foods and drinks.
Alzheimer’s is a degenerative disease that results in a gradual loss of neurons (brain cells) and synapses (intersections between brain cells). This condition results in decreased brain function over time. Memory loss, ability to think, and changes in daily behavior are signs of Alzheimer’s disease. Until finally, when Alzheimer’s is quite severe, the sufferer is no longer able to carry out various activities without the help of others.
The research found an association between sugar consumption with Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers from the University of Bath, UK, discovered the fact that excess glucose can damage important enzymes in the brain that respond to inflammation. As a result of the disruption of this particular enzyme, brain cells more easily experience inflammation that can lead to Alzheimer’s. However, this disease due to sugar can still need further research to be able to ensure the two are truly interconnected.