Best and Worst Foods for Asthma – Asthma is a disease associated with breathing. Even so, people with asthma still have to carefully sort out the food consumed every day. Not many people realize that food selection is closely related to the chance of asthma recurrence. The wrong choice of food can make symptoms of asthma vulnerable to recur at any time, you know! So, what foods are allowed for asthmatics and those who are not?
The importance of maintaining a healthy diet for asthmatics
People with asthma must maintain their diet well. In addition to the goal of controlling asthma symptoms, a healthy diet can help maintain ideal body weight. In many cases, overweight and obese asthmatics tend to respond longer to treatment when hospitalized.
A study in the journal Annals of American Thoracic Society revealed that trying to lose at least 10 percent of body weight is a good start to achieving ideal body weight.
Good food consumed for asthmatics
There is no certain type of food that is effective in treating asthma. This was agreed by Elizabeth Secord, MD, director of the training program for allergies and immunology at the Children’s Hospital of Michigan in Detroit, the United States on the Everyday Health page,
Even so, Elizabeth explained that selectively choosing foods can help control asthma by preventing the recurrence of symptoms.
Here are some good food choices for asthmatics:
1. Omega 3 fatty acids
Fat is not always bad for the body. Provided careful in choosing the type of food, fat can bring health benefits.
According to a study published in Allergology International, fats derived from plants and omega-3 fatty acids can reduce inflammation that occurs in the respiratory tract of asthmatics. That way the risk of recurrence of asthma symptoms can be minimized.
This is also supported by other studies published in The Chest Journal. From these studies, it is known that the content of omega 3 fatty acids is also good for the lung health of asthmatics.
For asthma sufferers, you can get healthy fats from olive oil, chia seeds, flaxseed, and walnuts. While healthy fats derived from animals can be found in fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, and sardines.
There have been many successful studies that prove that apples can prevent various risks of disease. Recent evidence, even apples are known to help improve lung function and control asthma symptoms.
A study by researchers in the UK revealed that asthma sufferers who eat apples every day have a lower risk of having an asthma attack than those who don’t eat apples at all.
In addition to delicious fresh, you can process the apple into juice or smoothies. Add with a variety of other fruits so that food that is good for asthmatics is more delicious when eaten.
Who does not know this one vegetable? Carrots, the yellow-colored bulbs are famous for their benefits for maintaining eye health.
Foods made from carrots have other benefits that are not healthy for asthmatics. Studies show that beta carotene in carrots can reduce asthma attacks that are triggered by exercise after being changed by the body into vitamin A.
In addition, the abundance of vitamin C in carrots can also help boost the body’s immune system. This allows the body to avoid various infections, such as colds and colds, which can trigger asthma attacks. Especially if the symptoms that you experience are quite severe.
However, you need to be careful when eating carrots. For some people, carrots may cause allergic reactions that trigger asthma symptoms. Therefore, before consuming carrots, make sure you have no history of allergies to it.
Green vegetables like spinach are also included in the list of foods that are good for asthma sufferers. The folate content (vitamin B9) in spinach can help control asthma.
A study published in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society also found something similar. Researchers in the study reported that children who did not get enough folate and vitamin D intake were eight times more likely to have an asthma attack. This result applies when compared with children who meet both of these nutritional intakes adequately.
Besides spinach, you can also get folate intake from other green vegetables such as broccoli and beans.
In addition to persistent coughing, asthma is also often accompanied by wheezing symptoms. Wheezing is a low, whistling sound or a “ngik ngik” sound when you exhale or inhale. This sound occurs because air is forced out through the blocked or blocked airways.
To prevent wheezing due to asthma, you can eat bananas. A survey published in the European Respiratory Journal found that bananas can reduce wheezing in children with asthma. This benefit is obtained thanks to its antioxidant content.
Bananas are rich in water-soluble phenolic acids. The banana phenolic acid content is higher than other fruits, including apples. This is why bananas can help reduce inflammation that occurs in the airways.
On the other hand, it is also one of the best sources of potassium which can help improve lung function. No wonder bananas are recommended as good food for asthmatics.
To get optimal benefits, eat bananas with apples.
Experts do not yet know exactly how they work of ginger helps relieve asthma symptoms. However, they argue that this one herb can help reduce the allergic response by lowering the level of IgE in the body.
As you know, asthma is closely related to allergies. When the level of IgE in the body decreases, the allergic reaction that also appears will slowly decrease. As a result, your asthma symptoms can be more controlled and rarely recur.
Research also reports that ginger can help reduce inflammation and prevent contractions in the respiratory tract. Ginger can also increase muscle relaxation as found in some asthma medications. This is why ginger should be used as good food for asthma sufferers.
Ginger can be processed in various ways. Starting from making drinks such as ginger until it becomes a spice in cooking.
Poor food for asthmatics
Many foods can trigger asthma symptoms, so asthmatics should be avoided, including:
1. Foods containing sulfites
Sulfite is a chemical found in food and drinks. This chemical is often used as a preservative. Even so, certain fermented food products can also create chemical reactions that activate sulfites naturally.
Citing WebMD, cases of sulfite allergy can be found in about one in one hundred people. Your risk can increase if you have a history of asthma.
Here are the types of foods and high-sulfite drinks that should not be consumed by people with asthma:
- Dried fruits (including raisins)
- Lemon juice in packaging
- Bottled grape juice
- Molasses (molasses)
2. Foods that contain gas
Gas-containing foods can put pressure on the diaphragm. Unwittingly, this can cause chest tightness and trigger other asthma symptoms. Especially if you previously have a history of high stomach acid disease (GERD).
Here are some foods and drinks that contain gas and should be avoided by asthmatics.
- Carbonated drinks
- Packed sweet drinks
- Chewing gum
- Vegetables such as cabbage and cabbage
Not all of the food above can provide excessive gas. Because everyone can digest different foods.
3. Fast food
Chemical preservatives, flavorings, and dyes are often found in processed foods and fast food. Some people with asthma may be sensitive or allergic to these artificial ingredients.
4. Food triggers allergens
Some foods that most often cause allergic reactions like asthma include:
- Dairy products
You should consult a doctor first before deciding to avoid certain foods.